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Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 71(4); 2011 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2011;71(4):291-295.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2011.71.4.291    Published online October 1, 2011.
Varicella-Zoster Virus Pneumonia in Immunocompetent Adults.
Jee Youn Oh, , Jung Woo Choi, , Se Joong Kim, , Chol Shin, , Je Hyeong Kim,
1Division of Pulmonary, Sleep and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Korea. chepraxis@korea.ac.kr
2Department of Pathology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Korea.
Abstract
Varicella, more commonly known as chickenpox, is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It is a common benign childhood illness. In adults, Varicella is uncommon but is more severely associated with complications including pneumonia, hepatitis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, encephalitis and myocarditis. A serious and life-threatening complication is the development of varicella-zoster virus pneumonia (VZVP). Although VZVP is well described in immunocompromised hosts, it is rarely seen in immunocompetent adults. The VZVP in healthy adults is more prevalent in cigarette smokers and during pregnancy. However, reports of VZVP in healthy adults are scarce in Korea. The authors report here a case of VZVP in an immunocompetent adult and present a literature review.
Key Words: Chickenpox, Herpesvirus 3, Human, Pneumonia, Immunocompetence, Adult


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