Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 42(3); 1995 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 1995;42(3):361-369.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.1995.42.3.361    Published online June 1, 1995.
Weaning Following a 60 Minutes Spontaneous Breathing Trial.
Keon Uk Park, Kyoung Sook Won, Young Min Koh, Jae Jung Baik, Yeontae Chung
Department of Internal Medicine, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
A number of different weaning techniques can be employed such as spontaneous breathing trial, Intermittent mandatory ventilation(IMV) or Pressure support ventilation(PSV). However, the conclusive data indicating the superiority of one technique over another have not been published. Usually, a conventional spontaneous breathing trial is undertaken by supplying humidified O2 through T-shaped adaptor connected to endotracheal tube or tracheostomy tube. In Korea, T-tube trial is not popular because the high-flow oxygen system is not always available. Also, the timing of extubation is not conclusive and depends on clinical experiences. It is known that to withdraw the endotracheal tube after weaning is far better than to go through any period. The tube produces varying degrees of resistance depending on its internal diameter and the flow rates encountered. The purpose of present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of weaning and extubation following a 60 minutes spontaneous breathing trial with simple oxygen supply through the endotracheal tube. METHODS: We analyzed the result of weaning and extubation following a 60 minutes spontaneous breathing trial with simple oxygen supply through the endotracheal tube in 18 subjects from June, 1993 to June, 1994. They consisted of 9 males and 9 females. The duration of mechanical ventilation was from 38 hours to 341 hours(mean: 105.9 +/- 83.4 hours). In all cases, the cause of ventilator dependency should be identified and precipitating factors should be corrected. The weaning trial was done when the patient became alert and arterial O2 tension was adequate(PaO2 > 55mmHg) with an inspired oxygen fraction of 40%. We conducted a careful physical examination when the patient was breathing spontaneously through the endotracheal tube. Failure of weaning trial was signaled by cyanosis, sweating, paradoxical respiration, intercostal recession. Weaning failure was defined as the need for mechanical ventilation within 48 hours. RESULTS: In 19 weaning trials of 18 patients, successful weaning and extubation was possible in 16/19(84.2% ). During the trial of spontaneous breathing for 60 minutes through the endotracheal tube, the patients who could wean developed slight increase in respiratory rates but significant changes of arterial blood gas values were not noted. But, the patients who failed weaning trial showed the marked increase in respiratory rates without significant changes of arterial blood gas values. CONCLUSION: The result of present study indicates that weaning from mechanical ventilation following a 60 minutes spontaneous breathing with O2 supply through the endotracheal tube is a simple and effective method. Extubation can be done at the same time of successful weaning except for endobronchial toilet or airway protection.
Key Words: Weaning, Extubation, Spontaneous Breathing Trial
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