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Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 43(2); 1996 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 1996;43(2):164-172.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.1996.43.2.164    Published online September 4, 2015.
Expression of Transforming Growth Factor-Beta in Patients with Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILD).
Sung Soo Park, , Kyung Sang Lee, , Suck Chul Yang, , Ho Joo Yoon, , Dong Ho Shin, , Dong Hoo Lee, , Jung Dal Lee, , Jung Hee Lee,
1Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Hanyang University Hospital, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Hanyang University Hospital, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Transforming growth factor-beta(TGF-beta) may play a role in a variety of fibroproliferative disorders including pulmonary fibrosis via the induction of extracellular matrix accumulation. TGF-beta not only stimulates extracellular matrix production, but also decreases matrix degradation. Interstial lung diseases have demonstrated marked expression of TGF-beta. METHODS: To evaluate the possible role of TGF-beta in human pulmonary fibrosis, by using neutralizing antibody of TGF-beta we investigated immunohistochemically the expression of TGF-beta in the formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of the 5 normal cases for the control, and a couple of pieces of tissues taken out of 3 cases with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, 3 cases with ILD from bleomycin toxicity, 3 cases with ILD from sarcoidosis, and 3 cases with ILD from eosinophilic granuloma. RESULTS: In the 5 normal cases for the control, the TGF-beta was expressed in bronchial and alveolar epithelial cells. Up-regulation of the TGF-3 expression was showed in the interstitial fibroblast cells of alveolar septa in 5 pieces and proliferated alveolar pneumocytes in 1 piece among 6 pieces tissues taken out of 3 cases with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Also up-regulation of the TGF-beta expression was showed in alveolar lining pneumocytes, intra-alveolar mononuclear cells, and epithelioid cells in most of cases of ILD from bleomycin toxicity, sarcoidosis and eosinophilic granuloma. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that up-regulation of the TGF-beta are involved in pathogenesis of interstitial lung fibrosis from variety of causes.
Key Words: Expression, Transforming growth factor-beta, Interstitial lung diseases


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