Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 44(3); 1997 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 1997;44(3):684-691.
DOI:    Published online June 1, 1997.
A Case of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome with Massive Pleural Effusion.
Hyeong Kwan Park, Yu Il Kim, Jun Hwa Hwang, Il Gweon Jang, Yung Chul Kim, Yu Il Lee, Kyung Ok Park
The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a rare but serious complication of ovulation induction therapy with gonadotropin. The clinical manifestations are generalized edema, ascites with pleural effusion and may become life-threatening in severe cases. The pathophysiology is still unknown therefore, the treatment should be symptomatic and conservative. We report a case of severe OHSS with massive right pleural effusion in excess of ten liters after human menopausal gonadotropin therapy because of secondary infertility. Fluid and electrolyte imbalances were corrected and albumin was administered. A right chest tube was placed for a total of sixteen days, draining eleven liters of pleural effusion totally, resulting a dramatic decrease of pleural effusion and improvement of symptoms.
Key Words: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, Pleural effusion, Chest tube

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