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Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 61(6); 2006 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2006;61(6):533-546.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2006.61.6.533    Published online December 1, 2006.
The Effects of Self-Efficacy Promoting Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program in Out-Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Jang Hee Jung, , Jung Youp Kim,
1Division of Nursing, Daedong College, Korea.
2Division of Social Welfare, Uiduk University, Kyungjoo, Korea. youpi88@hanmail.net
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of self-efficacy promoting pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: thirty six patients, with clinically stable COPD were randomly assigned: 18 to a rehabilitation group and another 18 as a control group, The subjects participated in a the self-efficacy promoting pulmonary rehabilitation program for 8 weeks. This program consisted of education, breathing retraining, exercise training, relaxation and counseling. The control group received education only. The outcome variables were self-efficacy, dyspnea, exercise endurance, pulmonary function, and quality of life. Dyspnea was measured using the modified Borg scale. Exercise endurance was measured by the six minute walking distance. The quality of life was measured by the quality of life index for pulmonary disease patients. RESULTS: In the rehabilitation group after performing the self-efficacy promoting pulmonary rehabilitation program, the self-efficacy score, exercise endurance, and quality of life score were higher than the control group (p=0.007, p=0.038, and p=0.039, respectively). and the exertional dyspnea score was significantly lower than controls(p=0.045). However, the dyspnea score and FEV1 were similar after performing the self-efficacy promoting pulmonary rehabilitation program. CONCLUSION: The self-efficacy promoting pulmonary rehabilitation program is effective to in improve self-efficacy, exertional dyspnea, exercise endurance and quality of life in patients with COPD.
Key Words: Self-Efficacy, Pulmonary rehabilitation, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


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