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Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 63(2); 2007 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2007;63(2):139-144.
DOI:    Published online August 1, 2007.
Clinical and Radiological Characteristics of Non-Tuberculous Bronchial Anthracofibrosis.
See Jin Jang, , Sook Young Lee, , Suk Chan Kim, , So Young Lee, , Hyun Sun Cho, , Ki Hoon Park, , Hwa Sik Moon, , Jeong Sup Song, , Sung Hak Park, , Young Kyoon Kim, , Hyun Jin Park,
1Department of Internal Medicine, the Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Radiology, the Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Bronchial anthracofibrosis, which is defined as bronchial narrowing with black pigmentation of the overlying bronchial mucosa, is frequently associated with tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between bronchial anthrocofibrosis and to identify the clinical and radiological characteristics of non-tuberculous bronchial anthracofibrosis. METHODS: All patients who showed bronchial anthracofibrosis in more than one segment on a bronchoscopic examination from January 2003 to July 2006 at Kangnam St. Mary's hospital were enrolled in this study. The underlying diseases, baseline clinical characteristics, characteristic findings on a computed tomogram (CT) of the chest, pathologic findings of the bronchial mucosa, and the clinical response to steroid therapy were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total 54 patients (19 males, 35 females) were enrolled with a mean age of 75 years. The most common presenting symptoms were cough, sputum and dyspnea. The predominant X-ray findings were peribronchial soft tissue attenuation with or without calcification, mediastinal lymphadenopathy with or without calcification and atelectasis. Fourteen non-tuberculous anthracofibrosis patients were treated with steroid. Nine patients were improved clinically, and 6 patients were improved radiologically. CONCLUSION: Bronchial anthracofibrosis is frequently associated with various pulmonary diseases not only tuberculosis but also COPD pneumonia etc.
Key Words: Anthracofibrosis, Steroid, Tuberculosis

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