Review Article
Lung Cancer
Recent Trends of Lung Cancer in Korea
Jae Guk Lee, Ho Cheol Kim, Chang-Min Choi
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):89-95.   Published online February 10, 2021
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in Korea. Although the smoking rate has decreased over time, the prevalence of lung cancer still remains high. In this study, we reviewed recent trends on the incidence, epidemiology, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of lung cancer in Korea by analyzing data from the national lung cancer registry and recently-published...
Original Article
COPD
Direct Switch from Tiotropium to Indacaterol/Glycopyrronium in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients in Korea
Sang Haak Lee, Chin Kook Rhee, Kwangha Yoo, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):96-104.   Published online December 22, 2020
Background: Many chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients receiving monotherapy continue to experience symptoms, exacerbations and poor quality of life. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of direct switch from once-daily tiotropium (TIO) 18 μg to indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) 110/50 μg once-daily in COPD patients in Korea. Methods: This was a randomized, open-label, parallel group, 12-week trial in mild-to-moderate...
Original Article
Lung Cancer
Awareness and Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Korean Lung Cancer Patients
Joon Young Choi, Wonjun Ji, Chang-Min Choi, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):105-114.   Published online December 8, 2020
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been used frequently, and its use continues to increase in lung cancer patients, despite insufficient scientific of its efficacy. To investigate this situation, we analyzed the current awareness and use of CAM in Korean lung-cancer patients. Methods: This prospective survey–based study was performed at seven medical centers in South Korea between August and...
Original Article
Pulmonary Infection
Factors Associated with Worsening Oxygenation in Patients with Non-severe COVID-19 Pneumonia
Cho Rom Hahm, Young Kyung Lee, Dong Hyun Oh, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):115-124.   Published online January 5, 2021
Background: This study aimed to determine the parameters for worsening oxygenation in non-severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included cases of confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia in a public hospital in South Korea. The worsening oxygenation group was defined as that with SpO2 ≤94% or received oxygen or mechanical ventilation (MV) throughout the clinical course versus the non-worsening...
Original Article
Pulmonary Infection
The Association between Mortality and the Oxygen Saturation and Fraction of Inhaled Oxygen in Patients Requiring Oxygen Therapy due to COVID-19–Associated Pneumonia
Keum-Ju Choi, Hyo-lim Hong, Eun Jin Kim
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):125-133.   Published online December 28, 2020
Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) can manifest in a range of symptoms, including both asymptomatic systems which appear nearly non-existent to the patient, all the way to the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Specifically, COVID-19–associated pneumonia develops into ARDS due to the rapid progression of hypoxia, and although arterial blood gas analysis can assist in halting this deterioration,...
Original Article
Pleural Diseases
Fibrinolysis with Lower Dose Urokinase in Patients with Complicated Parapneumonic Effusion
Seul Lee, Heock Lee, Dong Hyun Lee, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):134-139.   Published online December 17, 2020
Background: Intrapleural urokinase is one of the most widely used fibrinolytic agents in the treatment of complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPPE). However, little research has been performed on the optimal urokinase dosage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment efficacy of half dose urokinase compared with conventional dose urokinase. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 92 patients with CPPE or empyema...
Original Article
Miscellaneous
Health-Promoting Behaviors, Health Literacy, and Levels of Knowledge about Smoking-Related Diseases among Smokers and Non-smokers: A Cross-Sectional Study
Cihat Celebi, Ebru Calik-Kutukcu, Melda Saglam, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):140-147.   Published online January 26, 2021
Background: For generations, cigarette smoking has presented an important public health concern. This study aimed to compare the health-promoting behavior, exercise capacity, physical activity level, health literacy, and knowledge level of smoking-related diseases between smokers and non-smokers. Methods: The study included 71 smokers (mean age, 32.69±8.55 years) and 72 non-smokers (mean age, 31.88±9.94 years) between the ages of 20 and...
Original Article
Miscellaneous
The Effects of Simultaneous Pulmonary Rehabilitation during Thoracic Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Malignant Diseases
Myeong Geun Choi, Hyang Yi Lee, Si Yeol Song, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):148-158.   Published online February 10, 2021
Background: Radiotherapy is a common treatment option for lung or esophageal cancer, particularly when surgery is not feasible for patients with poor lung function. However, radiotherapy can affect pulmonary function and thereby induce pneumonitis or pneumonia, which can be fatal in patients with respiratory impairment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if reductions in pulmonary function after radiotherapy...
Original Article
Miscellaneous
Nicotine Dependence and Stress Susceptibility in E-Cigarette Smokers: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013–2017
Jae Yeol Kim, Hye Seon Kang, Jae-Woo Jung, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(2):159-166.   Published online January 6, 2021
Background: E-cigarettes are steadily gaining popularity in Korea. However, the characteristics of e-cigarette smokers, especially nicotine dependence and stress susceptibility, have not been evaluated in comparison to those of nonsmokers or combustible cigarette smokers in Korea. Methods: In this study, 28,059 participants from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013–2017) were classified into the following three groups: non-smokers,...
Image of Interest
Tuberculosis
Delayed Diagnosis of Tuberculosis Mistaken for Tinea Corporis in a Healthy Adult
Jae-Wang Kim, Jeong Rae Yoo, Hyunjoo Oh, Misun Kim, Sang Taek Heo
Received March 12, 2021   Accepted April 14, 2021   Published online April 15, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0041    [Epub ahead of print]
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Editorials
Pulmonary Infection
Predictors of Worsening COVID-19 Illness
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
Received March 18, 2021   Accepted March 31, 2021   Published online April 2, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0040    [Epub ahead of print]
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Original Articles
The Effect of the Timing of Dexamethasone Administration in Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia
Hyun Woo Lee, Jimyung Park, Jung-Kyu Lee, Tae Yeon Park, Eun Young Heo
Received January 18, 2021   Accepted March 28, 2021   Published online March 29, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0009    [Epub ahead of print]
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COPD
Reliability of Portable Spirometry Performed in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Compared to Conventional Spirometry
Hye Jung Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Kwang Ha Yoo, Yong Bum Park
Received January 25, 2021   Accepted March 24, 2021   Published online March 24, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0016    [Epub ahead of print]
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Review Articles
Critical Care Medicine
Experience of Treating Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients in Daegu, South Korea
Kyeong-Cheol Shin
Received October 12, 2020   Accepted March 17, 2021   Published online March 17, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2020.0125    [Epub ahead of print]
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Editorials
Pulmonary Infection
Predictors of Worsening Oxygenation in COVID-19
Jee Youn Oh
Received February 26, 2021   Accepted March 10, 2021   Published online March 10, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0034    [Epub ahead of print]
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COPD
Time to Prescribe Dual instead of Mono
Joon Young Choi
Received February 15, 2021   Accepted March 10, 2021   Published online March 10, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0030    [Epub ahead of print]
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Original Articles
Asthma
Measurement of Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Adults: Comparison of Two Different Analyzers (NIOX VERO and NObreath)
Sung-Yoon Kang, Sang Min Lee, Sang Pyo Lee
Received November 16, 2020   Accepted March 10, 2021   Published online March 10, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2020.0137    [Epub ahead of print]
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Tuberculosis
Comparative Performance of Line Probe Assay (Version 2) and Xpert MTB/RIF Assay for Early Diagnosis of Rifampicin-Resistant Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Raj Narayan Yadav, Binit Kumar Singh, Rohini Sharma, Jigyasa Chaubey, Sanjeev Sinha, Pankaj Jorwal
Received December 31, 2020   Accepted March 3, 2021   Published online March 3, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2020.0171    [Epub ahead of print]
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Tuberculosis and
Respiratory Diseases

Print ISSN: 1738-3536
Online ISSN: 2005-6184


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