Original Article
COPD
Reliability of Portable Spirometry Performed in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Compared to Conventional Spirometry
Hye Jung Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Kwang Ha Yoo, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(4):274-281.   Published online March 24, 2021
Background: The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) is a well-designed survey to collect national data, which many researchers have used for their studies. In KNHANES, although portable spirometry was used, its reliability has not been verified. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 58 participants from four Korean institutions. The participants were classified into normal pattern, obstructive pattern, and restrictive pattern...
Original Article
Lung Cancer
Radial Probe Endobronchial Ultrasound Using Guide Sheath-Guided Transbronchial Lung Biopsy in Peripheral Pulmonary Lesions without Fluoroscopy
Kyung Soo Hong, Heeyun Ahn, Kwan Ho Lee, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(4):282-290.   Published online June 24, 2021
Background: Radial probe endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial lung biopsy (RP-EBUS-TBLB) has improved the diagnostic yield of bronchoscopic biopsy of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs). The diagnostic yield and complications of RP-EBUS-TBLB for PPLs vary depending on the technique, such as using a guide sheath (GS) or fluoroscopy. In this study, we investigated the utility of RP-EBUS-TBLB using a GS without fluoroscopy for...
Original Article
Miscellaneous
Effect of Chlorhexidine Mouthrinse on Prevention of Microbial Contamination during EBUS-TBNA: A Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
Na Young Kim, Jae Hyeon Park, Jimyung Park, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(4):291-298.   Published online June 24, 2021
Background: Endobronchial ultrasound‒guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a standard diagnostic method for mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. Although rare, fatal infectious complications can occur following EBUS-TBNA. However, to date, there is a lack of effective preventive strategies to reduce these complications. We started a trial to investigate the effect of chlorhexidine mouthrinse on the prevention of microbial contamination during EBUS-TBNA. Methods:...
Original Article
Pulmonary Infection
Efficacy and Safety of Azithromycin for the Treatment of COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Ghea Mangkuliguna, Glenardi , Natalia , et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(4):299-316.   Published online May 20, 2021
Background: The lack of effective medications for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to a trend of drug repurposing such as the case of azithromycin which shows immunomodulatory and anti-viral effect. Several clinical trials have shown conflicting results. It is currently unclear whether the available evidence is in favor or against the use of azithromycin in COVID-19 patients. Thus, the...
Original Article
Pulmonary Infection
Characteristics, Management, and Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Hospital-Acquired and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: A Multicenter Cohort Study in Korea
Ryoung-Eun Ko, Kyung Hoon Min, Sang-Bum Hong, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(4):317-325.   Published online June 4, 2021
Background: Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are significant public health issues in the world, but the epidemiological data pertaining to HAP/VAP is limited in Korea. The objective of this study was to investigate the characteristics, management, and clinical outcomes of HAP/VAP in Korea. Methods: This study is a multicenter retrospective cohort study. In total, 206,372 adult patients, who were...
Original Article
Pulmonary Infection
Differences in Clinical Characteristics of Invasive Tracheobronchial Aspergillosis according to the Presence of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis
Chuiyong Pak, Woori Jo, Jin Hyoung Kim, et al.
Tuberc Respir Dis. 2021;84(4):326-332.   Published online June 24, 2021
Background: The association of invasive tracheobronchial aspergillosis (ITBA) with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is not well established. We aimed to compare clinical characteristics between patients who exhibited ITBA with IPA and those who exhibited isolated ITBA (iITBA). Additionally, the usefulness of serum or bronchial galactomannan (GM) tests in diagnosing ITBA was evaluated. Methods: This retrospective single-center case-control study was conducted over...
Review
2020 KSC/KATRD Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Executive Summary
Jae-Hyeong Park, Jin Oh Na, Jae Seung Lee, Yee Hyung Kim, Hyuk-Jae Chang
Received February 5, 2021   Accepted June 2, 2021   Published online June 4, 2021   
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2021.0022    [Epub ahead of print]
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Tuberculosis and
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